10cm - 20cm
Liosomadoras oncinus, commonly known as the Jaguar Catfish, is a striking and sought-after species of catfish that adds a touch of elegance and uniqueness to any aquarium. With its bold spotted pattern and impressive appearance, Liosomadoras oncinus is a popular choice among aquarists who seek a visually captivating and peaceful fish for their tanks. Originating from the Amazon River basin in South America, these catfish are known for their peaceful nature, nocturnal behavior, and their ability to thrive in various water conditions. Let's explore a detailed description of these remarkable catfish, including essential information on their appearance, water conditions, tank setup, feeding habits, and care.
- Distinctive Spotted Pattern: Liosomadoras oncinus displays a striking spotted pattern resembling the coat of a jaguar, featuring dark spots on a light background, making them visually captivating and elegant in the aquarium.
- Size: They are a medium to large-sized catfish species, reaching an adult length of around 12 to 16 inches (30 to 40 centimeters) in captivity.
- Temperature: Maintain a tropical water temperature range of 72°F to 82°F (22°C to 28°C) to ensure the well-being of Jaguar Catfish.
- pH Level: Aim for a slightly acidic to neutral pH level between 6.0 and 7.5 to replicate their natural habitat.
- Water Hardness: Provide a moderately soft to moderately hard water with a hardness level between 5 and 15 dGH.
- Tank Size: Liosomadoras oncinus should be kept in a spacious tank of at least 75 gallons (284 liters) due to their large size and active nature.
- Aquascape: Create a well-decorated environment with plenty of hiding spots, driftwood, and rocks to mimic their natural habitat and offer territories for these catfish.
- Peaceful Tank Mates: They are generally peaceful and can be kept with other peaceful community fish species that are too large to be seen as potential prey.
- Carnivorous Diet: Jaguar Catfish are primarily carnivores and enjoy live or frozen foods.
- Live and Frozen Foods: Offer a varied diet that includes high-quality live or frozen foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and small fish.
- Nocturnal Behavior: Liosomadoras oncinus is nocturnal, so provide plenty of hiding spots and dim lighting during the daytime to make them feel secure.
- Observation: Monitor their behavior and appearance to ensure they are healthy and showing no signs of stress or illness.